ORLAND MEMORIAL POST 111

AMERICAN LEGION

•      Mar 21 1918 - WWI: The Germans launch the ‘Michael’ offensive [First Battle of the Somme].


•      Mar 21 1943 - WWII: Assassination attempt on Hitler fails.


•      Mar 21 1945 - WWII: 1st Japanese flying bombs (ochas) attack Okinawa.


•      Mar 21 1971 - Vietnam: Two U.S. platoons in Vietnam refuse their orders to advance.


•      Mar 22 1942 - WWII: Heavy German assault on Malta.


•      Mar 22 1945 - WWII: U.S. 3rd Army crosses Rhine at Nierstein.






•      Mar 22 1965 - Vietnam: U.S. confirms its troops used chemical warfare against the Vietcong.

 

•      Mar 23 1862 - Civil War: Confederate General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson faces his only defeat at the Battle of Kernstown, Va.


•      Mar 23 1942 - WWII: Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean.


•      Mar 23 1942 - WWII: U.S. move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers.


•      Mar 23 1945 - WWII: Largest operation in Pacific war, 1,500 US Navy ships bomb Okinawa.




•      Mar 23 1951 - Korea: U.S. paratroopers descend from flying boxcars in a surprise attack in Korea.



•      Mar 24 1944 – WWII: In an event later dramatized in the movie The Great Escape, 76 prisoners begin breaking out of Stalag Luft I.


•      Mar 25 1915 - USS F-4 (SS-23) sunk after a battery explosion off Honolulu, Hawaii. 21 died.


•      Mar 25 1953 - Korean War: The USS Missouri fires on targets at Kojo, North Korea, the last time her guns fire until the Persian Gulf War of 1992.


•      Mar 25 1975 - Vietnam: The former imperial capital of Hue fell to North Vietnamese troops along with the entire Thua Thien Province.


•      Mar 26 1944 - USS Tullibee (SS-284) accidentally sunk by circular run of own torpedo off Palau Islands. 79 died.





•      Mar 26 1945 - WWII: Kamikazes attack U.S. battle fleet near Kerama Retto.  (Photo example from Pearl Harbor)


•      Mar 26 1945 - WWII: U.S. 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms Germany.


•      Mar 26 1970 - 500th nuclear explosion announced by the U.S. since 1945.


•      Mar 27 1794 - The U.S. establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of 6 frigates.


•      Mar 27 1945 - WWII: Gen Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken.


•      Mar 27 1945 - WWII: Iwo Jima occupied, after 22,000 Japanese & 6,000 US killed.


•      Mar 27 1945 - WWII: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins.






•      Mar 27 1952 -  Korea: Elements of the U.S. Eighth Army reach the 38th parallel.

•      Mar 28 1945 - WWII: USS Trigger (SS-237) sunk by Japanese patrol vessel Mikura, Coast Defense Vessel No.33, and Coast Defense Vessel No. 59 in the Nansei Soto. 89 killed.


•      Mar 28 1945 -  WWII: Germany launches the last of its V-2 rockets against England.


•      Mar 29 1943 - WWII: Meat rationed in US (784 gram/week, 2 kilogram for GI's.


•      Mar 29 1951 -  Korea: The Chinese reject Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s offer for a truce in Korea.


•      Mar 29 1973 - Vietnam: US troops leave, 9 yrs after Tonkin Resolution.


•      Mar 30 1944 -  WWII: The U.S. fleet attacks Palau, near the Philippines.


•      Mar 30 1972 -  Vietnam: Hanoi launches its heaviest attack in four years, crossing the DMZ.


•      Mar 31 1941 - WWII: Germany begins a counter offensive in Africa.






•      Mar 31 1965 – Vietnam: U.S. ordered the 1st combat troops to Vietnam.